More about Antagonists and Choosing a Killer

I’ll continue with my talk, But first–

Last Clichés:

Silver-tongued Orator—A persuasive and eloquent speaker. Term around since 16th Century, when applied to a preacher Henry Smith (c. 1550-91) and to Joshua Sylvester (1563-1618), a translator. Silver is equated with something fast-flowing and dazzlingly bright, and is a natural metaphor for eloquent speech. The best-known recipient of the “silver-tongued orator” was William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925), who not only was a wonderful speaker, but advocated the free coinage of silver; he won the Democratic presidential nomination in 2896 as a result of a speech in which he said, “You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.”

Get to the Point—to address the main issue, speak plainly. This term, which in British parlance is usually phrased come to the point, dates from Chaucer’s time. Chaucer himself wrote in the “Prologue” to The Canterbury Tales, “This is the point, to speken short and pleyn.”

Get up and Go—Vital energy, enthusiasm. The Random House Unabridged Dictionary (1987) hyphenates this term and lists it as a noun, originating in the U.S. in the early years of this century. It has numerous precedents—most common—get up and get, still used in some parts of the U.S. Lady Bird Johnson used it in the early 60s.

So, how many did you find?

Now don’t look a gift horse in the mouth, but here’s the rest of my speech from Nov. 1, 2016:

The best antagonist is someone who already plays a part in your protagonist’s life. All my characters are connected in some ways; therefore, the killer is too.

A great antagonist believes that his motivations are valid and his actions justified. He is the hero in his story. My killers know they are doing what needs to be done “in their own mind.” And when you read my books, you’ll see the killer’s thoughts and know they know they are doing the “right” thing.

Create a character whose motivation for opposing the protagonist’s story goal is as strong and logical as the protagonist’s reason for opposing the antagonist’s goal. Of course, my killers are demented in a way and “logical” is in their own mind. They also need a story arc, a change of character in some way. Do my killers change? You decide.

Make an antagonist your readers will love to hate. Let him win occasionally and give him a “kick-the-cat” moment. We need to see why he is the antagonist. I also like to give him at least one endearing quality. I want my readers to make a connection with him. Even if he’s a complete jerk, find one point of connection, one point of contact, between your readers and the antagonist. Find the last surviving ember of his humanity. Fan that ember to life and show it to your audience.  In Night Terror, my first book, the arsonist will not hurt an animal. Always saves the pets. To tell the truth, I’m not sure about the killer in Vanity Killed. Let me know what you think, but I think it has to do with love.

————————————

(At this point I read from my Book, Night Terror, Chapter 17.) excerpts as examples I’ll place here.

The dog is heavy, but I manage to lift it up, carry it outside, and set it down onto the grass by a bush. Before walking away, I pat the sleeping form.

The car door squeaks as I shut it with agonizing slowness not wanting to attract attention on this street. As I pull slowly away from the curb, a cat darts in front of me. I slam on the brakes, barely missing it. Trembling, I sit at the wheel as I watch it race off into the dark. Tears roll down my cheeks and glancing heavenward, I mutter, “Thank you, for letting me miss the cat. It might have been Sheba.”

I stay for a minute longer, getting my emotions under control.

—————————————

Never create an antagonist who exists merely to obstruct the lead. You will end up with a shallow stereotypical character.

Now, with all those tips in creating an antagonist, how do you choose your killer? Not really sure, but I can tell you how I do it.

As I’ve said, I write from the point of view of the hero and the killer.  I write my book and the characters tell the story. Even though I’m writing in the killer’s POV, in the beginning, I’m not really sure who my killer is. Unconventional, yes. Does it work? For me it does. At least in my two books, Night Terror and Vanity Killed. And so far, working in my third book, which has a working title: Birthmark. It’s about a woman who goes shark fishing in Baja, and her shark has a body part in it with a birthmark on it. She’s determined to find out who was in her shark.

When I wrote Night Terror and Vanity Killed, I had an idea who the killer might be.  It was one of three different characters. Little did I know there was a fourth one lurking in the background. This doesn’t work for everyone, but I finally come to a spot in my story, where I have to decide who the killer is. After I decide that, then I finish the book.

When the rewrite comes along, I make sure that the clues are in the story that Could lead you to who the killer is. Hopefully I’ve done well, and you won’t know until the killer is revealed.

When I wrote Night Terror, I had a detective read it. He came to me every day with a different character in mind for the killer. When the killer was revealed, he said, “Naughty, naughty, the clues were there.” I considered that high praise coming from a professional detective.

When I wrote, Vanity Killed, I thought I knew who my killer was. However, when the ending was nearing, the real killer popped up and changed my idea.

Right now, my third book, Birthmark, I’m at the juncture where I must decide which character is the killer.  I’m sort of at a standstill, trying to make that decision. I have it narrowed down among three characters. The other night, I thought I’d decided, But, then there’s this one character who keeps yelling, “No it’s me!” I never know who’s lurking in the shadows that will present him or herself. That’s the fun of writing my stories. Sometimes I’m shocked at who the killer is as much as I hope you are.

I hope this helps you decide and choose your killer.

I had a captive audience that day. Hope you read to the end here and enjoyed.

Until next time,

Keep Writing,

Julie

 

Part of my speech re Creating Antagonists

My speaking engagement on Nov. 1, 2016 went well.

It’s been awhile, but here are the last clichés:

Do it up Brown–To do something perfectly. Not sure where it came from. Might allude to the brown color of meat that has been thoroughly cooked. To Do Brown first appeared around 1600 in England. However the exact phrase was used in print only in the mid-19th century and in the U.S. (“‘Done up brown,’ as they say on the Bowery,” Lorenzo Dow, Sermons, c. 1849). One of Eric Partridge’s consultants believed that “brown” referred to John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry (1859), an incident contributing to the Civil War, but the term was known before that. But to do someone up brown meant to deceive someone, and to do oneself up brown meant to get oneself into a jam. Both are obsolete.

Picture Perfect–Exactly right, especially in appearance. From the 12th century. It alludes to the precise resemblance of a painting or photograph to its subject, as in “The day was picture perfect for a picnic–not a cloud in the sky.” Time Magazine used the term as the caption for a photograph of the presidential candidate Al Gore, his wife Tipper, running mate Joe Lieberman, and Lieberman’s wife Hadassah, calling it “the purest moment of their campaign” (August 21, 2000).

So did you find them?

Even though I wasn’t a silver-tongued orator yesterday, I’ll pass on some of what I spoke about.

There are 3 types of Antagonists:

  1. The antagonist is an obstacle that gets in the protagonist’s way and prevents her from achieving her goal. Can be a person or nature or society. Like cancer, or an avalanche, or a bully.
  2. The antagonist is a villain who has a goal that goes against what the protagonist wants. Unlike an obstacle, the villain has a goal of his own that often doesn’t even involve the protagonist until she is compelled to stop him because she doesn’t want his horrific plan to come to pass. They are usually in crime stories. My antagonists are villains, at least that’s how I see them.
  3. The antagonist is a competitor; he wants the same thing the protagonist wants. They have the same goal, and if one succeeds the other fails. They say that these are usually common in thrillers, action/adventures and heist stories, where both are after the same priceless artifact, etc.  Even though I write thrillers, my antagonist is a villain, and I’m sticking to that.

When I write, I write in two different tenses. The Protagonist is in third person, past tense. Then, with their own chapters, I write in the killer’s POV in first person, present tense. I do that so you know when you are in the killer’s mind set.

 

An example from my writing would be from Vanity Killed, Chapter 1 first page:

Today, the prized possession dies.

I hide behind the brocade drapes and peer through the sheer curtains at the front parlor window. Everything looks distorted.

My heart pounds. Blood rushes through my veins. Chills shoot up and down my spine. I shudder from the rush. The kill is happening again.

The window stands ajar and I hear Sarah Hudson’s heels staccato-click on the brick walkway outside. Carsonville’s foghorn blasts its eerie warning. The clicking halts. Sarah tilts her head. I feel certain she abhors that warning of imminent grayness closing in just like I do. We detest the cloying salt sea odor that mixes with the stench from the pulp mill. That mill has been spewing its odors for decades, but will soon be shut down.

The minute I learn she wants away from her Northern California home town, I set my plan in motion. Sarah Hudson will spend eternity here.

 

Let me get to the point. There are all kinds of tips for writing your Antagonist or Killer. Use the internet and do research.

Some say your Antagonist is more important than your protagonist. You need to build a solid villain. Even the greatest protagonist in the world cannot truly shine without an equally well-rendered opposition. However, the reverse is not true. Your protagonist, even if a bit shaky, and your villain shines, you can still tell a very successful story.

Of course, you spend equal time developing your characters whether a protagonist or an antagonist. They should be equal in strength, so they can fight a good fight. I try to develop all of my characters in my books, no matter who they are, because as you’ll see, they might turn out to be my killer.

Depending on the type of antagonist, they either have conflicting goals or the same. However, the Antagonist is the character who MOST stands in the way of the protagonist achieving the story goal.

The Antagonist and Protagonist should have conflicting characteristics. But, your villain doesn’t have to be evil.  Again, that depends on the type of story and type of antagonist you are using. Don’t make the antagonist too weak or too strong. My killers are evil. As my editor says, “You may know me as a shy, loving person, but I have an alter ego you do not want to meet in an alleyway!”  Where that comes from, I have no idea. Might have come from my husband who was always reading true crime stories.  Some of those killers are scarier than what I could come up with. Always told people, if something ever happens to me, look toward my husband.  Now, I think the reverse might be true?

I have lots of get up and go, but I’ll stop here and continue my antagonist tips and how to choose a killer for next week.

In the meantime, Keep Writing,

Julie

Life gets in the way/speaking on Nov.,1, 2016

Well, it’s been a long time since I’ve posted: I want to apologize. After me and my family having illnesses, I’m now back to almost normal and seriously writing again. I refuse to make any promises, as those keep getting put aside, that I will write faithfully every week on this blog. However, I will try to do better!

Next post I will continue to have my clichés and their explanations.

For now just wanted to say I’m back, and will be speaking at the library in Green Valley, AZ on Nov. 1st.  Any locals, hope to see you there.

Keep Writing,

Julie

Nov. 1, 2016 flyer

More Researching

Last time I talked about researching. Will give you some sites and more.

First, last clichés:

Look on with a jaundiced eye—Seeing only the bad side or faults. This phrase is based on the old belief that to a person suffering from jaundice (a condition in the skin and whites of the eyes where they turn yellow), everything looks yellow. See John Webster, The White Devil (1:2) [1612]. This term survived the belief and was a cliché by 1800 or so.

In the doldrums—Inactive, stagnant, “down in the dumps”, depressed. The origin is uncertain, but it started being used in the early 19th century both for the maritime doldrums, a belt of calms and light winds north of the equator in which sailing ships often found themselves becalmed, and for a feeling of depression. Frederick Marryat used it in Jacob Faithful (1835).

Have a lot on my plate—Have more than enough to cope with or worry about. Originated in the 1920s and transferred the image of an overcrowded dinner plate to a very full agenda. R. Simons used it in Houseboat Killing (1959).

Don’t swap horses in midstream—Don’t change leaders or methods in the middle of a crisis. Originated a quarter of a century earlier, the expression became famous through its use by President Lincoln in 1864 when he learned that his re-nomination for a second term was being backed by the National Union League. Several versions of his speech were recorded, some having it change and others swap.

So, how many did you find last time?

My last blog talked about researching, but I didn’t do it up brown.  I forgot to mention the research sites that I use, even though I have them posted on the side of my blog page. So, I will give you some sites to visit.

Want to know what a word means or phrase? See: etymonline.com

Need a forensic expert? Try dplylemd.com

Your writing needs to be picture perfect. There will always be someone out there that knows more about what you are trying to say, so you want to make sure you research it. Interview professionals, google your subject, find other sites that will help you.  When I was growing up, we had to go to the library, look up what books they had, and hope it was available when we needed it. However, now, it is so easy to research. The internet has opened up so much more for authors, there is no excuse to not get it correct.

So like I said before: Research is important to you and to your readers. Don’t let them down.

Keep Writing,

Julie

 

Researching

Well, it’s happened again where I’ve had a long space between blogs. Why? No excuses, but my mother-in-law turned 100 years old and had to have a party for her!

First, last clichés:

Best laid plans—the most careful plans sometimes do not succeed. Robert Burns used the phrase in “To a Mouse” (1786). It was already a clichè by then.

Unwritten law—Rules accepted by tradition or custom rather than codification in a formal body of law. Plato expressed it and in 1907 Harry Thaw was declared insane and Delphin Michael Delmas coined the phrase: “Dementia Americana; the unwritten law.”

Low man on the totem pole—Lowest-ranking, least important, last in line. H. Allen Smith, a humorist, used this phrase as the title of a book (1941) after the radio comedian Fred Allen used the term to describe him in an introduction to an earlier book. As an aside, the position on an actual totem pole has no such significance. But, the term caught on quickly to become a cliché.

Keep you posted—To supply you with up-to-date information. Originated in the U.S. in early 19th century and comes from accounting, where the latest figures entered into a system are said to be “posted.” Originally-posted up- See The Weekly Oregonian, 1854.

Keep the ball rolling—To sustain or continue an activity without a letup. Some believe this is a metaphor from ball games, but a much earlier use referred to the sun or planets (including Earth) as a rolling ball. Became popular in US during the election campaign of 1840, when the supporters of candidate William Henry Harrison (“Tipecanoe” hero) rolled large “victory balls” in political parades and changed, “Keep the Harrison ball rolling.”

So, how many did you find last time?

I’m not going to look on with a jaundiced eye toward this blog. I will write when I can and try to impart writing knowledge and embed my work with clichés you can find. I refuse to get down in the doldrums over not writing every week on this blog.

Why haven’t I written? I’ve had a lot on my plate with planning my mother-in-law’s 100th birthday party. Can you imagine being 100 years old? It went off great and she even did the Charleston dance which she is known in family reunion talent shows for.

Why do I bring this up? Because I’m writing a book unlike my psychological thrillers I write about a 100 year old woman talking with her great, great granddaughter about her life.

No, I’m not suggesting that you swap horses in midstream and change your writing genres. I started this book a long time ago and since my mother-in-law just turned 100, thought I would let you know how much work it has been writing about a woman who is in her 100s.  Why?

Because the research is on-going. I had my little girl watching TV. Wait! When was the TV invented? Not when my 100 year old woman was young. Had her making toast. Wait! When was the toaster invented? Not at that time when she was making the toast. So how did she make it?

That meant that I had to research just about everything. Thank the Lord that we know have internet and I didn’t have to run to the library to do research. There are so many sites that you can find for find when the phrases were first used. Yes, even the words I have my 100 year old use had to be researched. Did they use that phrase at that time period? Every time I had her do something, had it been invented yet?

Who cares if I get it wrong? Well, first of all, I have too much integrity in myself to get it wrong, and I owe it to my readers, even if they might not be old enough to have a clue. So this book is still a work in progress because there is so much research involved, and I love writing my psychological thrillers a bit more. But I’ve learned so much about the past, and how to do research, that writing the book about a 100 year old woman has been very enlightening.

Research is important to you and to your readers. Don’t let them down.

Keep Writing,

Julie

Procrastination:

Well, it’s been awhile since I’ve blogged. But, first things first.

Last Clichés:

To Take to One’s Heels—To flee. This does not refer to running on your heels. Can’t run fast that way. But, the heels are what you see of a person who turns tail and runs. See Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Part 1 (2:4). John Ray used in his 1678 proverb collection, but in the 19th century used with Sir Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson, among others as clean pair of heels not fair pair of heels. This current version dates from the 19th century. Henry Thomas Riley (1816-78) used it in his translation of Terence’s play Eunuchus.

On the Beam—On course or on the right track. Originated about the mid-20th century when aircraft began to be directed by radio beams. Of course the opposite would be off the beam = wring or incorrect meaning. Both expressions used in other enterprises.

Change your Tune—to change one’s mind, switch sides in a controversy, to reverse your views. This is very old. John Gower wrote it in 1394 (paraphrase=now sing another song). Actual phrase used in a ballad about Robin Hood (one of the child ballads) from about 1600. Also Samuel Beckett used in his novel, The Unnameable (1953) “…faults, but changing my tune is not one of them.”

So, how many did you find? For those of you who are unfamiliar with my Blogs, I always use come clichés and the next time, tell you where they originated from.

Of course my best-laid plans are always to write on this blog once a week. But, as you can see, the last blog was in December, 2015.  Sometimes life just gets in the way and I don’t write on this blog. However, I do write! And that is what is important.

There’s no unwritten law that I must write here every week. To keep readers up, I should though. Not only should you write everyday on your novels, short stories, etc, but you should blog at minimum once a month. I don’t want to be low man on the totem pole in my writing. I want to attract readers and to do that I should write often where they can see my writing.

Unfortunately, I think about writing on this blog once a week, and even have my alert on the phone set to remind me to do it.  But sometimes, it just doesn’t get done. Every year a vow to be better. But I am human, and I do make mistakes. I try to keep you posted as to what is happening in writing and with my writing.

I’ve gone to an author showcase where I read from my new book Vanity Killed in front of 97 others. It was an awesome luncheon and experience. I also did a meet and greet the author at our local library.

I will try and keep the ball rolling by writing once a week, but I will make no promises.

For now, Keep Writing and I will try not to procrastinate!

Julie

 

Writing during the holidays

Hope you all have a Merry Christmas, Happy Hanukkah, etc., and a very Happy, Healthy New Year!

First, last clichés:

Have one’s hands full—To be very busy, be completely occupied or to have more than enough to do. This dates from the 15th century, maybe earlier. See Thomas Malory’s Morge d’Arthur.

Day in, Day out—Regularly constantly, all day and every day. This expression was so defined in a dialect book by W. Carr in 1828. It was widely used by the end of the century. A cliché by the time C. Day Lewis used it in describing his school days in his autobiography, The Buried Day (1960).

To be one’s Own Worst Enemy—To be the major source of one’s own difficulties. The Greek philosopher Anacharsis (c. 550B.C.) stated this idea: “What is man’s chief enemy? Each is his own.” Cicero said it of Julius Caesar (Ad Atticum, 49 B.C.). More recent times, cartoonist Walt Kelly used it through his main character, Pogo.

So, how many did you find?

How do you write during the holidays? What to do with your writing during that time? Most of the agents during this time do not take submissions. But that doesn’t mean you can take to your heels and not write. You may not be able to submit during this time of the year, but you still need to write, even if it’s your holiday newsletter.

At this time of year, you need to stay on the beam and keep writing, editing, and doing what you love. Carry a small notebook and write in it whenever you can. That’s how I started my first novel, Night Terror. You can change your tune, and not write on a computer, but write by hand. That way you don’t have to carry a laptop, i-pad, etc. with you, but use a little notebook that fits in your pocket or your purse.

So during the holiday season, you have no excuse not to write.  Enjoy the music, food, family and friends, but….

Keep Writing,

Julie

Traveling and Writing

another Traveling and Writing

SSA author showcase

Hope you have a great holiday season with Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukkah,  etc.

First, last clichés:

Three-ring circus—an event of utter confusion. This is an Americanism that started in the late 19th century, alluding to a circus in which three rings or arenas are featuring performances at the same time. Probably invented by P. T. Barnum. The term was transferred to other extravagant events and disorderly situations by about 1900. Rudyard Kipling used it in A Diversity of Creatures (1914).

Have another guess coming—Be mistaken or wrong. This cliché also implies that though one is wrong, one has a chance to reconsider and correct one’s error. Dates from the first half of the 1900s. D. Day Lewis used it in Child of Misfortune (1939).

Hope you enjoy trying to find the clichés.

Now that my second book Vanity Killed is out, what do I do next?

Well, I have my hands full with working on my third book. Also, I will be reading from Vanity Killed at my Society of Southwestern Authors/Santa Cruz Valley Chapter’s 9th Annual Local Authors’ Showcase. It is a luncheon held on Saturday, January 16, 2016 from 11:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. at the Desert Hills Lutheran Church in Green Valley, Arizona. Eight local authors will read from their works of fiction, memoir, humor, and poetry. Also, there will be a delicious catered lunch and door prizes.

I will hopefully also be working with a musician and putting my reading to music for another event.

Day in, day out, I write on something. I try not to be my own worst enemy and procrastinate on writing, but write, even if it doesn’t make any sense at the time. My third book, Birthmark is coming along.

Please, all of you keep writing!

Until next time,

Julie

ShowcaseFlyer

bookmarks and branding

making it real

Vanity Killed published!

Well, Vanity Killed is finally up and running on Amazon, POD and e-book.

But, first, last clichés:

Pass Muster—Meet a required standard. Began in the military and once meant to undergo review without censure. George Gascoigne used it figuratively in 1575 ( The Making of Verse). By the time Jonathan Swift included it in Police Conversation (1738), it was already a cliché, and it remains current.

Rub It In—Stress something annoying or unpleasant in a teasing way. Add insult to injury. It, probably refers to salt in the term rub salt into a wound, which dates from late medieval times (or earlier) and is still current. Rubbing it in is American; T. A. Burke used it in 1851 (Polly Peaseblossom’s Wedding). Another related term is: Rub someone’s nose in it, which means to remind one of a humiliating error or experience. See P. Hubbard (Flush as May) 1963. Alludes to rubbing a dog’s nose in a mess it has made.

Toed The Line—(or mark the line). Conform strictly to a rule; meet a particular standard. This term comes from track, when the runners in a race line up with their toes placed on the starting line or mark. Used in early 19th century. See Diverting History of John Bull and Brother Jonathan (1813) by “H. Bull-Us.”

Best/Worst-case scenario—The best or worst possible outcome for a situation. “scenario” is used in the sense of an imagined situation or sequence of events, a usage that has become common since about 1960. See David Borgenicht and Joshua Piven, The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook (1999), which probes improbable mishaps and emergencies, i.e. escape quicksand or how to land a pilotless airplane.

So, how many did you find?

Did all my changes come out correctly in my conversion to e-book? Of course not. When you go on the kdp e-book site to convert, then preview, it gives you different e-book formats to review. When you reviewed your manuscript in the different e-reader formats, it was like a three-ring circus. Fire HDX was perfect.  First paragraphs no indented along with scene change first paragraphs. However, when you viewed in I-pad format, those same paragraphs were indented 5 spaces instead of the 2 I had for the rest of my paragraphs.

I tried changing those paragraphs to no indent to first line “0”. You’d have another guess coming if you thought that worked. So I finally changed the e-book look totally different from my print on demand book.

My font size was 18 for the chapter headings and 14 for the text. The first letter of every first paragraph of each chapter and scene change for my e-book now is in bold and the size of that first letter is 20. I also changed all of the indents to .3, and the first paragraphs of each chapter and scene change are now .1.  The I-pad version now works ok. Not like my print on demand, but it works and readers will be able to see the scene changes.

So today, I published both on CreateSpace for the print on demand and wend to kdp publishing and loaded my e-book.  They are now available on Amazon.

I also changed the price of Night Terror to $8.00 for POD and $2.99 for e-book. Vanity Killed is priced on Amazon as $12.00 and $4.99.

Hope you enjoy Vanity Killed!

Until next time, Keep Writing.

Julie

Converting Manuscript To e-book format

I’ve been busy working on Vanity Killed.

 First, last clichés:

Ahead of the Pack— Doing better than the others, in advance of the rest of a group. Pack refers to a group of people since the 1400s, but for about 400 years it was a derogatory connotation as in “pack of thieves.” A related phrase would be “ahead of the game.”

Down to Earth—Realistic, practical, forthright. Term dates from the first half of the 20th century. See the Canadian Forum in 1932.

Draw a Blank—Unable to find something or remember something. Refers to a losing ticket in a lottery, which has no number printed on it, i.e. it’s blank. Appeared in print in early 19th century.

For those of you who are unfamiliar with my blog, I always embed clichés into the body of my work. Then, the next post, I will tell you what I used and what they mean. So, how many did you find?

I received my second proof of Vanity Killed and I started converting the manuscript to e-book format. However, when I did that, the conversion caught a few spelling errors, that nothing else had caught. So, I’m redoing the pdf file for my paperback in CreateSpace!

So how do you convert your book to e-book?

1.  I copied and pasted the word document into another file and marked it for e-book.

2. Then I deleted the headers and footers.

3. I deleted any scene markers and made sure all were double spaced, where rest of body was single spaced.

4. In word, I put the document in full screen and edit page mode—I checked the view option on the right top and edit mode. Then I went through and made sure there were no spaces other than the scene changes.  Why? Because when I converted to CreateSpace book format, I made sure that the top line of every page had more than one sentence. So that lead to having some spaces created where there should not have been.

5.  I had to change the ISBN numbers to my e-book numbers not the print on demand book numbers.

6. Then I prepared a table of contents. You can check on Kindle e-book on how to do that.

7. For all of the chapter headings, I made sure they were all the same “style” and correct font and size –make sure they are all the same to pass muster.

I don’t want to rub it in, but I did all of this and now it’s time to upload it. The conversion will tell me whether I toed the line.

Next time, I will let you know the best or worst-case scenario.

Until then, Keep Writing,

Julie